Varicose veins are a common condition that many people suffer from. The good news is that treatment is available, and the prognosis for recovery is usually very favorable. The situation occurs when there has been damage to the vein, either through prolonged periods of standing or sitting, hormonal changes in pregnancy, obesity, wearing too-tight clothing, or other reasons. Book an appointment with Alate Health for medical assistance.
What Are Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are enlarged veins that twist and turn, causing them to appear discolored. They usually occur in the legs because of ill-fitting socks or stockings, being on your feet for long periods, or excess weight. Sometimes varicose veins can have few symptoms, but they most often cause a heavy aching feeling and tenderness in the legs or ankles and a darkening of the skin, which gives it a purple appearance.
What Causes Them?
Genetics is the leading cause of varicose veins, but other factors can be attributed. For example, being on your feet for a long time without taking a break can cause it. So can too-tight clothing such as pantyhose and garters. Pregnancy hormones weaken the vein walls, making them more likely to burst and bleed. They also make veins less flexible, which means they cannot function correctly, and blood flows more slowly through them. As you age, your good veins lose flexibility, making varicose veins more likely.
Other risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, and a family history of varicose veins. If you smoke, the risks of developing varicose veins are higher for you than for someone who doesn’t smoke or drink alcohol. Being overweight can also contribute to these problems.
Diagnosis of Varicose Veins
The doctor will check for symptoms and perform a physical exam to diagnose varicose veins. They’ll probably refer you to a vascular specialist if they suspect you have them. The main treatment option is surgery in most cases, but it’s important to note that varicose veins go away on their own for many people.
What Are The Treatment Options?
The treatment options include self-care at home, such as wearing compression stockings and elevating your feet. These treatments can help reduce the symptoms associated with varicose veins. It’s also important to keep moving to prevent blood from stagnating in your legs. So if you know that you can’t stand on your feet for very long, be sure to walk around and stretch periodically.
If self-care at home doesn’t help or is not an option, the doctor will offer several treatment options. One of them is sclerotherapy, which involves injecting a medication into the area of the varicose veins, causing them to disappear. Other treatment options involve surgery to repair the damaged veins.
Surgery for Varicose Veins
The doctor can use either laser or radiofrequency ablation to remove the stretchy tissue that causes the bulging of the vein, which is called the perforator vein. This procedure is the only non-invasive treatment that is effective, requiring very little recovery time. You can go home after a couple of hours and return to work within a few days.
Varicose veins are a common condition that can be treated. Treatment options include self-care, sclerotherapy, and surgery. Surgery is the most effective treatment option, but it requires some recovery time. If you’re looking for a non-invasive treatment option, then laser or radiofrequency ablation is the way to go.