Causes of Infertility in Men

Male infertility is a problem with your reproductive parts that lowers the chances of getting a female partner pregnant after having repeated unprotected sex over a year. About one out of three infertility cases are due to the man. Hormonal problems such as changes in sexual function are some symptoms of infertility in men. Having infertility does not mean you will never have your children. There are many causes of Infertility in Upper West Side in men, including:


A Varicocele is an inflammation of the veins draining the testicles. The specific cause of varicocele is not known, but it is usually related to abnormal blood flow. Varicocele causes infertility by reducing the quantity and quality of your sperm. They make testicles too warm to produce sperms. In most cases, the condition is treatable.

Reproductive system infections

Some infections that can cause infertility are inflammation of the epididymis or the testicles and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and gonorrhea. These conditions may interfere with sperm production and health or cause scarring leading to blockage of sperm passage. Infections can lead to testicular damage, but at times you can retrieve your sperms.


Cancers and nonmalignant tumors can affect your male reproductive parts leading to infertility. They can directly affect glands that release reproduction hormones like the pituitary gland, which interfere with reproduction. In some instances, radiation, surgery, or chemotherapy techniques in cancer treatment can affect male infertility.

Sexual intercourse disorders

Many sexual intercourse problems can affect infertility, such as difficulties maintaining an erection for sufficient sex, premature ejaculation or painful intercourse. Anatomical abnormalities like an opening on your urethra below the penis can affect your sex, leading to infertility.

Hormonal imbalances

Abnormalities in your hormonal systems such as the hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal glands can affect reproduction activities. Low testosterone can lead to reduced sperm production and sex drive causing infertility. Too low hormone levels cause poor sperm growth.

Defects of tubules that transport sperms

The male reproductive system has various tubules that carry sperm. Your tubules can block due to different causes like surgical injuries, trauma, infections, or abnormal development. Blockage occurs at any part of the reproductive organs, including testicles, epididymis, or ejaculatory ducts.

Environmental effects

Your sperms can be affected by overexposure to environmental factors like excess heat, radiation, industrial chemicals, or heavy metals such as lead. Exposure to these elements can reduce sperm production or sperm function leading to infertility. Long-term effects of the environment can permanently reduce sperm production.

Health and lifestyle habits

Poor health and lifestyle can affect your infertility by causing hormonal changes, decreasing the quality and quantity of your sperm, or leading to disorders in the reproductive organs. The main habits that affect infertility include, use of alcohol, drug use, obesity, and tobacco smoking.

There are many treatment options for infertility disorders, and most of them are treatable. Therefore, it would help if you visited your doctor to diagnose and treat your infertility. Call the office of Karen F. Brodman, MD, to schedule an appointment to learn more about infertility and get treatment services.

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