Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death in men, with over 1.1 million new cases diagnosed every year (CDC). On average, over 200,000 men in the United States are diagnosed with prostate cancer annually. It is the second most common type of cancer in men. Studies have shown that certain factors can increase a man’s chance of developing prostate cancer. However, it is essential to note that having one or more risk factors does not always mean prostate cancer will develop. Sometimes prostate cancer occurs without any known risk factors. If you are at risk for or diagnosed with prostate cancer, you should see a Kingston prostate cancer specialist. Here are some risk factors you need to look out for.

Family History

Family history is one of the most significant risk factors for prostate cancer. Men with a close relative, such as fathers or brothers, who have had prostate cancer are more likely to develop it. Suppose your father was diagnosed earlier than usual with this disease (over 50). In that case, you’re also more likely to develop the condition during your lifetime. Prostate cancer is also more common in men with a family history of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or colon cancer.

Genetic Factors

Genetic factors can also play a role, as the condition has been linked to several hereditary prostate cancer genes. For example, men with mutations (defects) in BRCA2 are at increased risk of developing prostate and breast cancer.

In addition, men with several small, inherited mutations in either the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes have an increased risk for prostate cancer and breast cancer. If a man inherits a mutated version of another gene known as PTEN, he is at greater risk for developing prostate and other cancers.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors, including diet and lifestyle, also play in role in prostate cancer development. Studies have found that men who consume large quantities of red meats or processed meats over a long time are at an increased risk for developing prostate cancer compared to men who do not eat these foods.

Dietary Habits

Studies have shown that men who eat a diet high in fat and red meat increase their risk of getting prostate cancer. However, it’s important to note that not all studies agree on this. Other studies also show that eating lots of antioxidants such as vitamin C and E could reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Lifestyle Factors

In addition to diet, lifestyle factors can also impact a man’s risk for prostate cancer. For example, smoking cigarettes has been linked to a higher risk of developing the condition. In particular, men who smoke and drink alcoholic beverages are at increased risk for this disease.

Race and Ethnicity

Although prostate cancer is more common in African American men, it is essential to note that most disease cases are diagnosed in Caucasian and Hispanic men. A few studies have shown that Asian men living in Asia also have a high rate of developing prostate cancer.

In summary, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men and the leading cause of death. You may be at risk for prostate cancer if you have a family history of the disease. Race, lifestyle, dietary, and environmental factors can also put you at risk.

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