Do you have patches of the skin which are darker than the rest of the skin? Hyperpigmentation occurs due to melanin overproduction; the melanin is deposited deep into the skin, giving the patches a darker look than the rest of the skin. Although hyperpigmentation is not a health concern, it might make your skin appear unsightly. You should look for a hyperpigmentation Glen Allen dermatologist who can treat and prevent it from occurring in the future. Hyperpigmentation might occur due to melisma, sun damage, post-inflammatory diseases, and medical conditions like Addison’s disease. Here are ways to deal with hyperpigmentation.
Moisturize the Skin
You should moisturize the skin to lighten the dark spots; you can opt for a moisturizer that addresses pigmentation problems. For instance, ingredients like hyaluronic acid retinol and glycerin may boost cell turnover and even out skin tones. The ingredients can brighten the skin, reducing hyperpigmentation. Moreover, you should choose a moisturizer that can restore the skin lipid barrier, thus preventing sun damage, as overexposure to the sun might cause hyperpigmentation.
Deal With Injuries, Bug Bites, and Acne Issues
Hyperpigmentation might result from injury to the skin; thus, bug bites or stubborn blackheads could contribute to uneven skin tone. You should avoid picking at the blackheads as it injures the skin, further leading to hyperpigmentation. The pigmentation on the brown spots after an injury can move deeper into the skin due to inflammation; thus, it is better to deal with the injuries and avoid bug bites.
Moreover, you should address the acne issues to avoid inflammation and scars resulting from inflammation. You can treat the injuries and bug bites with licorice root, vitamin C, and kojic acid as it reduces hyperpigmentation and inhibits tyrosine which causes skin darkening. On the other hand, salicylic acid will deal with acne effectively.
Opt For Prescription Medications
You can opt for a prescription medicine if other-the-counter medications do not improve hyperpigmentation. Hydroquinone might alleviate hyperpigmentation, but you should follow the dermatologist’s instructions. Some prescription hyperpigmentation drugs might cause sun sensitivity and bleach the skin; thus, it is better to adhere to the right dosage.
Use Laser Treatment
Laser treatment might alleviate hyperpigmentation as it uses light beams directly on the skin surface affected by hyperpigmentation. The treatment might work on the skin surface to reveal youthful skin, free from hyperpigmentation problems; however, the ablative lasers might have side effects, and your dermatologist will guide you through the treatment. Alternatively, you should opt for the non-ablative laser therapy, which increases collagen and elastin production, thus dealing with hyperpigmentation naturally.
Avoid Sun Exposure and Use Broad Spectrum Sunblock Creams
Most people develop hyperpigmentation due to sun exposure; thus, it is better to sunbathe during the early and late hours when the sun is weaker and avoid exposure during the mid-day hours. You should use a broad-spectrum sunscreen and wear protective clothing if you work under the sun.
Hyperpigmentation might not cause a health problem, but the uneven skin tone might be unsightly, leading to low self-esteem. You can use OTC treatments to deal with hyperpigmentation by avoiding sun exposure and treating acne and other scars. You can seek help from dermatologists and opt for topical and laser treatment to improve hyperpigmentation appearance.